Myst WDIB resources

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Mohawk Overview
Scripts Variables

WDIB resources store compressed images in the original Windows version of Myst, some images in Myst Masterpiece Edition, and cursors.

The format is similar to LZ77 with a 0x400 byte ring-buffer. Once uncompressed, a plain uncompressed Windows BMP is recovered. All in the original Myst are 8bpp. However, some in Myst ME are 24bpp (like the images in Help.dat) but the cursors are still 8bpp. It is in little endian form. Thanks to Petroff Heroj and Ron Hayter for working out the compression.

The data is laid out like that:

unsigned short uncompressed size
variable compressed data

Until the end of the resource, each run begins with a byte. Each bit (0-7) defines what to do next. A 1 is an absolute byte (which is directly read into the uncompressed buffer) and a 0 represents two bytes to be read in. The front 6 bits (2-7) represent the length of the run minus 3. The last 10 bits represent the offset in the ring-buffer minus 0x42. If the offset is over 0x400, make sure to subtract 0x400 after adding the 0x42 back into the offset. Also, the ring-buffer should start out as all zeroes (as the offsets will reference any part of the buffer).

The ring-buffer has a constant size of 0x400 bytes. Remember that once you have decoded 0x400 bytes, it loops around to the beginning, completing the loop.

For example:

0xf7                     // decoder byte (11110111b)
0x87                     // absolute byte
0x73                     // absolute byte
0x27                     // absolute byte
0x0b                     // byte 1 of the run data: length = 2 + 3 = 5 (first 6 bits + 3)
0xa9                     // byte 2 of the run data: offset = 0x3a9 + 0x42 = 0x3eb
0x27                     // absolute byte
0x32                     // absolute byte
0x00                     // absolute byte
0x4e                     // absolute byte